Documentation http://wwwlawoxacuk/publications/oscolaphp there are some important distinctions between the way a reference appears in the footnote and then in your bibliography both for primary and secondary materials for example, when citing primary legal material ie cases within the body of your text or in a. This is done for the sake of accuracy and possible cross-referencing by the reader and for scientific integrity, which necessitates the acknowledgement of sources there are several important (1993) legal education aldershot: dartmouth (the international library of essays in law and legal theory, legal cultures 5. Tip when referring to an act or si, cite the name of the legislation (including the year) in the text do not create a footnote for legislation that has been cited in your text bills cite a parliamentary bill by its name, whether it is a house of commons bill (hc bill) or from the house of lords (hl bill), the parliamentary session. Sample text with aglc footnotes from peter handford, 'a new limitation act for the 21st century' (2007) 33(2) university of western australia law review 387. Australian guide to legal citation example essay i assignment a introduction the uniform evidence act (uea) has both substantially changed the common law and has used the common law to better the laws of evidence1 section 38 under the uea 'concerns unfavourable witnesses will be examined' 2 this section.
The neutral citation is a unique number given by the official shorthand writers to each judgment issued out of all divisions of the high court they are a relatively recent development (from 2001), introduced to acknowledge the extensive use of electronic law reports, so many case law citations consist only of the case name. Only footnote on a first reference if a pinpoint is required which is not referred to in the main text or, as in footnote 14, the legislation has not been named in the main text eg in the main for subsequent references to the same essay in an edited book, use the same style as for subsequent references to texts and articles. Referencing referencing is an important legal skill not only does it demonstrate the extent of your legal research but it is vital to get it right in order to avoid allegations of academic dishonesty and plagiarism there is no single standard for legal referencing, and the most important thing to remember is to. (2) acts of parliament and statutory instruments (3) textbooks and other monographs (4) chapters in books of collected essays (5) journal articles (1) cases should be cited as follows: name of case (in italics), year, law report (may require volume number if in any year there was more than one volume), page reference.
Include the full citation to the case immediately after the relevant text if you plan to refer to this case later, provide the reader with a short form in brackets this makes later references much more succinct here is a sample passage, illustrating how to provide in-text references: the leading case in bc on the. There are a number of systems of referencing this guide offers guidance based on the oxford standard for citing legal authorities (oscola) - it differs in some small respects from oscola the guide also provides some reference to the harvard system please refer to your course handbook or tutors for guidance as to.
Research, writing, style and referencing guide: 2015 section 1: the research and writing process introduction 3 general requirements 3 steps in the research and writing process 4 prepare a preliminary plan 4 gather research material 5 plan the essay structure. Oxford university standard for the citation of legal authorities fourth edition faculty of law, university oscola is a guide to legal citation, not a style guide for advice on punctuation, grammar 28 joseph raz, the authority of law: essays on law and morality (2nd edn, oup 2009) 29 ibid 6 32 cf raz ( n 28. This guide is based on the style of the south african law journal contents: pg 1: introduction to referencing and footnoting pg 2: footnoting format examples of footnoting books chapters or essays in books where different authors are responsible for different chapters ee flynn jails in: s h kadish encyclopedia of.
Legal sources (eg books, articles, case law, directives, treaties) used and consulted for writing a legal text must be cited in a clear, consistent and familiar way the reader must be able to identify and retrieve the used resources and the writer shows that. Oscola is published by the university of oxford and more detail about the style can be found at https://wwwlawoxacuk/research-subject-groups/publications/ oscola oscola is minimal style and uses very little punctuation it may be quite different to any referencing style you have used before, however the guides on. Oscola referencing guide oscola referencing, sometimes referred to as oxford referencing, is a style of referencing primarily used in uk academic content related to the law legal sources such as cases and statues may be cited, along with secondary sources, for example, books and journals if you are looking for our.